After turning the water into wine for His mother in Cana, Jesus and the disciples went to Jerusalem to celebrate the Passover.The Passover celebration included many feasts and temple worship, including animal sacrifice.
People came from all over to celebrate in Jerusalem, which meant that these travelers brought many different currencies with them.
It had become customary to buy the sacrificial animal at the temple, but these different currencies were of no use in Jerusalem. Exchange tables were brought in, and men began to trade in different currencies at the temple as well for temple currency. What may have begun as a helpful service was now creating a loud and dirty market within the temple walls.
The men who had begun to trade currencies were now charging unfair rates to take advantage of the crowd drawn to Jerusalem by the Passover. When Jesus and His disciples went to worship at the temple, Jesus was shocked at the display. Righteous anger rose inside and He created a whip out of rope.
With a flame of zeal lighting up His eyes, He walked in and cleaned out the market, releasing the sacrificial animals into the street, upending tables, and cracking the whip.
“Take these things out!” He cried.
“Do not make my Father’s house a common market!” The disciples were amazed to see Christ so angry and act with such force. Soon, the temple was cleared of the bustle of a marketplace and a quiet, peaceful calm set in.